Learning how to eat to control your diabetes is very important.  Following a consistent carbohydrate diet will help you maintain stable blood glucose, prevent complications from diabetes, and help your medications work as well as possible.  A consistent carbohydrate diet is one that spaces out the amount of carbohydrates you eat so that your body can process them.  It prevents your blood sugar from getting too high or too low throughout the day.  Counting your carbs, and not just your sugar, is the best way to control your blood glucose levels.

 

  • Most people need between 4 and 6 servings of carbs at each meal.  Ask your registered dietitian, or certified diabetes educator how many carbohydrates you need at each meal.
  • Here are 2 resources to help you start counting carbs: Carb Counting American Diabetes Association guide to carb counting
  • Each serving of carbs is 15 grams. To figure out how many servings of carbs are in your food, take the total carbohydrates listed on the nutrition facts label and divide by 15.
  • Just because the package says one serving, doesn't mean it only has one serving of carbs.  For example, a cup of flavored yogurt is one serving but it may have 2 or more servings of carbs.
  • Limit sodium and cholesterol to protect your heart.
  • Eat more vegetables and whole grains, lean meats, and nuts. 
  • Avoid fatty meats and cheeses, foods high in sugar like cakes and candies, and canned or processed foods.
  • Watch portion sizes!  Maintaining a healthy weight will control your blood glucose and reduce your risk of developing heart disease or other complications.
  • Click here for a complete list of Nutrients to Know for diabetes managment.