The most common type of diabetes is Type 2 diabetes, which is most often caused by lifestyle factors like diet and inactivity. Type 2 diabetes involves insulin resistance, meaning your pancreas is producing insulin, but your body can't use to bring sugar into your cells. This can lead to sugar building up in your blood stream. High blood glucose levels, or hyperglycemia, can lead to infections, amputations, blindness, heart disease, or kidney failure.
Type 2 diabetes is often related to obesity, so maintaining a healthy weight can reduce your risk of developing the disease.
You may also be at higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you were diagnosed with gestational diabetes, gave birth to a baby over 9 pounds, or have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes.
While some people experience no symptoms of type 2 diabetes, others may notice chronic infections, fatigue, weight loss, blurry vision, frequent urination, or increased thirst or hunger. If you have been experiencing any of those sypmtoms, see your doctor.
Even if you have no symptoms, your doctor might check your blood glucose to make sure you do not have diabetes.
Many people can control their type 2 diabetes through a combination of diet, physical activity, and medication. However, as the disease progresses, they may need to take insulin.
It is important to see your health care providor regularly to make sure your diabetes is controlled and prevent complications.